How to Recognize Rosacea Signs And Symptoms.

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How to Recognize Rosacea Signs And Symptoms. The National Rosacea Society estimates that as much as 16 million Americans are affected by rosacea in varying degrees that come in at least four varieties.  Signs and symptoms of acne rosacea often manifest on the center of the face, that includes the forehead, nose, chin and cheeks.

The latest skincare news that are research-based point to a broad list of factors leading or contributing to the development of rosacea.

Causes of Rosacea

What causes acne may also lead to the manifestation of acne rosacea. What is the best treatment for the acne. The list below points out the 6 likely causes of rosacea, according to recent study findings:

  1. 1. Genetics and heredity.  

In 2015, a study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology confirmed rosacea’s link to heredity.  Based on the findings, there are at least two genomes that were associated with rosacea, following comparisons made between over 40,000 subjects who have been diagnosed with rosacea and not.

  1. 2. Poor neuro-immune response. 

Several studies have solidified rosacea’s link to a person’s immune response, often citing that the body’s reaction to Dermodex mites causes the skin to become inflamed.

  1. 3. Presence of certain microorganisms.  

In the study, “The Potential Role of Microorganisms in the Pathogenesis of Rosacea” published in the Journal of American Academy of Dermatology in 2013, researchers looked more closely into previous findings linking rosacea with microorganisms.  The most common ones studied include Dermodex mites.

  1. 4. Overexposure to heat and UV.

In 2015, the British Journal of Cancer reported on the significant correlation between rosacea and the development of Basal Cell Carcinoma, suggesting a connection between the amount of UV exposure and incidence of rosacea.

  1. 5. Intake of certain food and drinks.  

Alcohol and spicy foods are often implicated as a probable cause of rosacea.  Although, more studies need to confirm this theory, strong associations have been made between alcohol intake and rosacea flare ups.

  1. 6. Stress.  

Stress causes a decline in immune response.  Chronic and repeated stressful episodes have been found to alter the health of many parts of the body, including the skin and veins.

Rosacea: Meet the different kinds

One of the reasons why rosacea cannot be easily understood is that the general term hardly captures the particular signs and symptoms associated with its 4 sub-types.  According to the

American Academy of Dermatology, these sub-types are as follows:

Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea.  This sub-type is generally characterized by a network of veins showing through the surface of the skin.  People with this specific condition experience frequent flushing and exhibit swollen skin.

Papulopustular rosacea.  What causes acne is not necessarily what causes this sub-type yet, it manifests similarly as acne would — breakouts, oily skin and bumps on skin.

Phymatous rosacea.  This sub-type visibly thickens the skin and leaves skin rough but oily.  The pores also appear noticeably enlarged.

Ocular rosacea.  Given in its name, this type of rosacea manifests inside and around the eyes.  The eyes appear irritated and swollen, and eyesight becomes blurry and more sensitive to light.


Since the causes of rosacea are blamed on many factors and yet the root cause remains to be discovered, skin specialists can only rely on guidelines issued by the American Acne and Rosacea Society and the medications and therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.  Still there is no ultimate, long-lasting cure for rosacea.  What prescribed medications do is to improve the physical appearance of rosacea prone skin.

Below lists some of the highly recommended solutions:

1.  Topical treatments, particularly azelaic acid, sulfur and metronidazole, all of which have anti-inflammatory effects on the skin.

2.  Oral medications, including antibiotic treatments, metronidazole and tetracycline.  These oral medications specifically work to regulate skin infections that cause patches, raised skin surfaces  and rough bumps on the skin.

3.  Pulsed light and laser therapy, which effectively and efficiently work to improve the appearance of skin redness and irritation.

The prescribed typical care for rosacea includes using non-irritating products, and more particularly cleansers, moisturizers and sunscreen.  To prevent flare ups, people who suffer from rosacea are also advised to avoid hot, humid and polluted environments.


Rosacea is a much more difficult skin condition to manage, if only because it’s a permanent skin condition that needs to be continuously cared for using specific therapy options.  The broader availability of solutions, however, should not deter people suffering from this condition from trying to make their skin look better, because more than just a skin condition, rosacea can also cause a loss of self-esteem and depression.


Guest Post by Martin Scott

Dirty and Thirty
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